Over one in 4 girls (or 27 per cent) expertise intimate companion violence earlier than the age of fifty, in keeping with a worldwide evaluation led by researchers from McGill College and the World Well being Group. The biggest of its form, the evaluation covers 366 research involving greater than 2 million girls in 161 international locations.
“Intimate companion violence towards girls — which incorporates bodily and sexual violence by husbands, boyfriends, and different companions — is very prevalent globally,” says McGill College Professor Mathieu Maheu-Giroux, a Canada Analysis Chair in Inhabitants Well being Modeling.
In line with the discovering printed in The Lancet, one in seven girls (or 13 per cent) skilled intimate companion violence throughout the final 12 months of the examine interval between 2000 and 2018. The evaluation additionally discovered excessive ranges of violence towards younger girls, estimating that 24 per cent of these between the ages of 15 to 19 skilled home violence of their lifetime.
Whereas the numbers are alarming the true scale of violence is probably going even greater, the researchers say, noting that the research have been based mostly on self-reported experiences. Given the stigmatized nature of the problem, girls may be hesitant to report their experiences, they clarify.
Excessive-income international locations reported decrease charges of home violence
The researchers discovered regional variations, with high-income international locations having decrease prevalence of each lifetime and previous 12 months violence. The lifetime prevalence amongst girls aged 15 to 49 was highest in Africa, South Asia, and elements of South America. The areas with the bottom estimated lifetime home violence towards girls have been Central Asia and Central Europe.
The proportion of ladies who skilled intimate companion violence within the final 12 months was round 5 per cent for North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific. In areas of Africa, this quantity was as excessive as 15 per cent to 30 per cent.
Canada amongst international locations with lowest charges of home violence
“Whereas Canada is among the many prime 30 international locations with the bottom charges of intimate companion violence, it is nonetheless an issue that impacts 1 in 25 girls,” notes Professor Maheu-Giroux. “Some provinces in Canada are alternative ways to handle home violence. In Quebec, for instance, the federal government accredited a pilot undertaking in 2021 to create a particular courtroom for victims of home and sexual violence,” he provides.
Calls to strengthen response in pandemic rebuilding efforts
“General, our analysis exhibits that governments aren’t on monitor to satisfy international targets to eradicate violence towards girls and women. An essential takeaway is that even in some high-income international locations the prevalence of intimate companion violence is comparatively excessive, which requires funding in prevention at native and international ranges,” says Maheu-Giroux.
“In Québec alone, we witnessed a wave of 17 intimate companion feminicides in 2021 — probably the most excessive consequence of intimate companion violence and the very best quantity in additional than a decade,” he says.
Globally, the issue is more likely to have been additional exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, the researchers clarify. There’s an pressing must strengthen the general public well being response to intimate companion violence, and guarantee it is addressed in post-COVID-19 rebuilding efforts, they conclude.
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