SARS-CoV-2, the virus inflicting the COVID-19 an infection, may be transmitted from mom to child earlier than, throughout and after childbirth — however such occurrences are uncommon, a brand new examine reveals.
Total, fewer than two per cent of infants born to moms with SARS-CoV-2 an infection additionally take a look at optimistic for the virus, however they’re extra more likely to take a look at optimistic when the ladies have extreme COVID-19 or had been recognized after childbirth.
Consultants additionally found that vaginal births and breast feeding don’t enhance the chance of infants testing optimistic for SARS-CoV-2 when their moms have the an infection.
A global analysis crew, led by the College of Birmingham’s WHO Collaborating Centre for International Ladies’s Well being, revealed its findings immediately in BMJ after inspecting information from across the globe regarding greater than 14,000 infants born to moms with COVID-19.
Total, 1.8% of the 14,271 infants born to moms with SARS-CoV-2 an infection examined optimistic for the virus utilizing PCR assessments.
Research lead Shakila Thangaratinam, Professor of Maternal and Perinatal Well being on the College of Birmingham, commented: “Ours is the primary examine to make use of the World Well being Group’s stringent strategies to indicate that it’s attainable for the virus to be unfold from the mom to child whereas within the womb, throughout childbirth, and after supply.
“Nonetheless, mother and father and healthcare professionals may be reassured that solely a really small proportion of infants born to moms with SARS-CoV-2 take a look at optimistic. This suggests that the dangers of an infection to such infants are uncommon.
“Moms also needs to be reassured in regards to the low danger of viral transmission by vaginal start, skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding — all of which ought to be inspired.”
Professor Thangaratinam added that healthcare professionals and coverage makers want to concentrate on the anticipated burden of SARS-CoV-2 positivity in infants, and that they are often contaminated at any time throughout being pregnant and supply — highlights the necessity for acceptable measures to scale back danger of viral transmission within the postnatal interval.
The analysis crew recommends that, since infants born to moms with extreme SARS-CoV-2 usually tend to take a look at optimistic, they are going to must be examined after start and monitored carefully. Vaccination in being pregnant ought to be additional inspired to stop an infection and extreme illness in moms.
The crew will analyse new research as additional proof turns into obtainable and in addition discover the consequences that SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern and vaccination have on newborns.
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