Researchers have developed a brand new technique for coaching individuals to be inventive, one which exhibits promise of succeeding much better than present methods of sparking innovation.
This new technique, primarily based on narrative concept, helps individuals be inventive in the best way youngsters and artists are: By making up tales that think about different worlds, shift perspective and generate sudden actions.
The narrative technique works by recognizing that we’re all inventive, mentioned Angus Fletcher, who developed the tactic and is a professor of English and a member of The Ohio State College’s Mission Narrative.
“We as a society radically undervalue the creativity of children and plenty of others as a result of we’re obsessive about the concept that some individuals are extra inventive than others,” Fletcher mentioned.
“However the actuality is that we’re simply not coaching creativity in the appropriate method.”
Fletcher and Mike Benveniste, additionally of Mission Narrative, mentioned the narrative technique of coaching creativity in a just-published article within the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.
The 2 researchers efficiently used the narrative strategy to coach members of the U.S. Military’s Command and Basic Employees Faculty. Fletcher wrote a publicly obtainable coaching information primarily based on his strategies that was tailor-made to officers and superior enlisted personnel.
They’ve additionally labored with the College of Chicago Sales space Faculty of Enterprise, the Ohio State Faculty of Engineering and several other Fortune 50 corporations to show creativity to their staffs and college students.
The present basis of creativity coaching is the approach referred to as divergent pondering, which has been in use for the reason that Nineteen Fifties. It’s a “computational strategy” to creativity that treats the mind as a logic machine, Fletcher mentioned.
It really works by workouts designed to, amongst different issues, develop working reminiscence, foster analogical pondering and promote problem-solving.
However divergent pondering hasn’t delivered the outcomes that many hoped for, Fletcher mentioned. A serious challenge is that its computational strategy depends on knowledge and details about the issues and successes of the previous.
“What it might probably’t do is assist put together individuals for brand new challenges that we all know little about in the present day. It may well’t provide you with really unique actions,” Fletcher mentioned. “However the human mind’s narrative equipment can.”
The narrative technique of coaching for creativity makes use of most of the methods that writers use to create tales. One is to develop new worlds in your thoughts. For instance, workers at an organization is likely to be requested to consider their most uncommon buyer — then think about a world by which all their prospects have been like that. How would that change their enterprise? What would they need to do to outlive?
One other approach is perspective-shifting. An government at an organization is likely to be requested to reply an issue by pondering like one other member of their group.
The purpose of utilizing these methods and others like them just isn’t that the eventualities you dream up will truly occur, Fletcher mentioned.
“Creativity is not about guessing the long run accurately. It is about making your self open to imagining radically completely different prospects,” he mentioned.
“Once you try this, you may reply extra shortly and nimbly to the adjustments that do happen.”
Fletcher famous that the narrative strategy of coaching creativity by telling tales resembles how younger youngsters are inventive — and analysis exhibits that younger youngsters are extra imaginatively inventive than adults.
However the skill of youngsters to carry out inventive duties drops after 4 or 5 years of education, based on research. That is when youngsters start intensive logical, semantic and reminiscence coaching.
The narrative strategy to creativity might help individuals unlock the creativity they might have stopped utilizing as they progressed by faculty, Fletcher mentioned.
One benefit for organizations that practice workers to be inventive is that they not have to try to rent “inventive individuals,” he mentioned.
“Making an attempt to rent inventive individuals causes issues as a result of the folks that leaders establish as inventive are virtually all the time individuals identical to themselves. So it promotes conformity as an alternative of originality,” Fletcher mentioned.
“It is higher to rent a various group of individuals after which practice them to be inventive. That creates a tradition that acknowledges that there are already inventive individuals in your group that you simply aren’t benefiting from.”
Whereas this narrative technique of creativity coaching has already been obtained positively, Fletcher and his colleagues have began a extra formal analysis. They’re conducting randomized managed trials of the creativity curriculum on greater than 600 U.S. Military majors who’re a part of the Command and Basic Employees Faculty.
They’re additionally persevering with to work with new organizations, such because the Worthington Native Faculty District in Ohio.
“Instructing creativity is among the most helpful issues you are able to do on the earth, as a result of it’s simply arising with new options to resolve issues,” he mentioned.
Fletcher mentioned this new technique of coaching creativity “may solely have come from Ohio State’s Mission Narrative.
“Mission Narrative is all about how tales work within the mind. It’s the basis that helped us put collectively this new mind-set about and coaching for creativity,” he mentioned.
“And Mission Narrative is itself proof of the facility of creativity. It is one thing that Ohio State created, one thing that might not have existed in any other case.”